Spermicidal efficacy of VRP, a synthetic cationic antimicrobial peptide, inducing apoptosis and membrane disruption

Ghosh, P. and Bhoumik, A. and Saha, S. and Mukherjee, S. and Azmi, S. and Ghosh, J.K. and Dungdung, S.R (2018) Spermicidal efficacy of VRP, a synthetic cationic antimicrobial peptide, inducing apoptosis and membrane disruption. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 233 (2). pp. 1041-1050. ISSN 219541

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcp.259...

Abstract

Presently available contraceptives are mostly hormonal or detergent in nature with numerous side effects like irritation, lesion, inflammation in vagina, alteration of body homeostasis, etc. Antimicrobial peptides with spermicidal activity but without adverse effects may be suitable alternatives. In the present study, spermicidal activity of a cationic antimicrobial peptide VRP on human spermatozoa has been elucidated. Progressive forward motility of human spermatozoa was instantly stopped after 100 μM VRP treatment and at 350 μM, all kinds of sperm motility ceased within 20 s as assessed by the Sander–Cramer assay. The spermicidal effect was confirmed by eosin–nigrosin assay and HOS test. VRP treatment (100 μM) in human spermatozoa induced both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis. TUNEL assay showed VRP treatment significantly disrupted the DNA integrity and changed the mitochondrial membrane permeability as evident from MPTP assay. AFM and SEM results depicted ultra structural changes including disruption of the acrosomal cap and plasma membrane of the head and midpiece region after treatment with 350 μM VRP. MTT assay showed after treatments with 100 and 350 μM of VRP for 24 hr, a substantial amount of Lactobacillus acidophilus (about 90% and 75%, respectively) remained viable. Hence, VRP being a small synthetic peptide with antimicrobial and spermicidal activity but tolerable to normal vaginal microflora, may be a suitable target for elucidating its contraceptive potentiality. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apoptosis; DNA damage; sperm motility; spermicide; VRP
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences > Department of Biochemistry
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 07:24
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 07:54
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/10778

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