Nitric oxide-mediated integrative alterations in plant metabolism to confer abiotic stress tolerance, NO crosstalk with phytohormones and NO-mediated post translational modifications in modulating diverse plant stress

Sami, F. and Faizan, M. and Faraz, A and Siddiqui, H and Yusuf, M. and Hayat, S. (2018) Nitric oxide-mediated integrative alterations in plant metabolism to confer abiotic stress tolerance, NO crosstalk with phytohormones and NO-mediated post translational modifications in modulating diverse plant stress. Nitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry, 73. pp. 22-38. ISSN 10898603

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is a major signaling biomolecule associated with signal transduction in plants. The beneficial role of NO in plants, exposed to several abiotic stresses shifted our understanding as it being not only free radical, released from the toxic byproducts of oxidative metabolism but also helps in plant sustenance. An explosion of research in plant NO biology during the last two decades has revealed that NO is a key signal associated with plant growth, germination, photosynthesis, leaf senescence, pollen growth and reorientation. NO is beneficial as well as harmful to plants in a dose-dependent manner. Exogenous application of NO at lower concentrations promotes seed germination, hypocotyl elongation, pollen development, flowering and delays senescence but at higher concentrations it causes nitrosative damage to plants. However, this review concentrates on the beneficial impact of NO in lower concentrations in the plants and also highlights the NO crosstalk of NO with other plant hormones, such as auxins, gibberellins, abscisic acid, cytokinins, ethylene, salicylic acid and jasmonic acid, under diverse stresses. While concentrating on the multidimensional role of NO, an attempt has been made to cover the role of NO-mediated genes associated with plant developmental processes, metal uptake, and plant defense responses as well as stress-related genes. More recently, several NO-mediated post translational modifications, such as S-nitrosylation, N-end rule pathway operates under hypoxia and tyrosine nitration also occurs to modulate plant physiology. © 2017

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Abiotic stress; N-end rule pathway; Nitric oxide; NO-mediated genes; Phytohormones; S-nitrosylation; Sodium nitroprusside; Tyrosine nitration
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences > Department of Botany
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 10:08
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 10:08
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/10791

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