Sodium chlorate, a major water disinfection byproduct, alters brush border membrane enzymes, carbohydrate metabolism and impairs antioxidant system of Wistar rat intestine

Ali, S.N. and Ansari, F.A. and Khan, A.A. and Mahmood, R. (2017) Sodium chlorate, a major water disinfection byproduct, alters brush border membrane enzymes, carbohydrate metabolism and impairs antioxidant system of Wistar rat intestine. Environmental Toxicology, 32 (5). pp. 1607-1616. ISSN 15204081

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Abstract

Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is a widely used nonselective herbicide. It is also generated as a by-product during disinfection of drinking water by chlorine dioxide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of NaClO3 on rat intestine. Adult male rats were randomly divided into five groups: control and remaining four groups were administered orally different doses of NaClO3 and sacrificed 24 h after the treatment. The administration of NaClO3 produced acute oxidative stress in the intestine, which manifested in the form of markedly enhanced malondialdehyde levels and carbonyl content and lowered total sulfhydryl groups and glutathione levels. The activities of several brush border membrane (BBM) enzymes were greatly reduced as compared to control. There were alterations in the activities of various enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism and those involved in maintaining the antioxidant defense system. Histological studies support the biochemical results showing NaClO3 dose-dependent increase in tissue damage. Thus, the present study shows that oral administration of NaClO3 decreases the activities of BBM enzymes, induces oxidative stress, alters metabolic pathways, and impairs the antioxidant system of rat intestine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BBM; herbicide; intestine; NaClO3; oxidative stress
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences > Department of Biochemistry
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 07:43
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 07:43
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/10920

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