Study of Hemolysis During Storage of Blood in the Blood Bank of a Tertiary Health Care Centre

Arif, S.H. and Yadav, N. and Rehman, S. and Mehdi, G. (2017) Study of Hemolysis During Storage of Blood in the Blood Bank of a Tertiary Health Care Centre. Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, 33 (4). pp. 598-602. ISSN 9714502

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Abstract

The aim of RBC storage system in a blood bank is to counteract damage to the metabolic machinery and the membrane, to improve post-transfusion viability. In recent years, the need for strict control over the quality of blood has been emphasised. Such quality indicator includes extend of hemolysis and morphological changes of RBC during storage. This study was design to see extend of hemolysis and level of plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and plasma potassium, during processing and storage at different intervals under blood bank condition. Forty-six donors were selected and blood units were collected and stored under blood bank conditions. Mean plasma haemoglobin of stored blood was estimated by tetra methyl benzidine method (TMB) and percentage hemolysis was calculated on day 0, 1, 7, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days. Similarly plasma LDH and plasma potassium level was also assessed during storage. It was noted that free haemoglobin level and percentage hemolysis progressively increased with storage along with the level of LDH and potassium. However, extend of hemolysis did not exceed the permissible limit of 0.8% up to 42 days of storage. 15 blood bags which showed visual hemolysis on day 28 did not exceeded the threshold of 0.8% hemolysis, when interpreted by TMB method. It was concluded that TMB method is better than visual method for determination of hemolysis. The reduced hemolysis at this centre may be accounted for the use of additive solution SAGM (Saline, Adenine, Glucose, Mannitol) and DEHP (di-2-ethyl hexyl phthalate) as plasticizer in blood bags for storage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood bag; Hemolysis; Storage; TMB method
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2018 07:00
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2018 07:00
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/10959

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