Computational analysis on conformational dynamics of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)

Kausar, T. and Nayeem, S.M. (2017) Computational analysis on conformational dynamics of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, 35 (10). pp. 2224-2234. ISSN 7391102

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0739110...

Abstract

BMP-2 is widely used for bone regeneration because of its ability to induce osteoblast differentiation and proliferation. The pharmaceutical application of BMP-2 as bone implant makes the studies on stability and conformational dynamics very relevant as proteins are functional only in their native three-dimensional state. Knowing the factors affecting BMP-2 structure becomes essential for designing bone implants activated by BMP-2. In order to explore the influence of temperature and hydration on protein conformation, we have performed the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at the time scale of 100 ns with two different force fields. We have examined the dynamic behaviour of BMP-2 monomer and dimer in aqueous medium as well as in vacuum at four different temperatures (300, 350, 400 and 450 K). MD simulation of BMP-2 monomer and dimer in water and vacuum environments shows the major contribution of water in structure stabilization. Temperature of the system affects the secondary structure differently in case of monomer and dimer simulation and the dynamics also depends on the environment viz. vacuum and aqueous. Vacuum simulations show very early loss of the major secondary structure content. On the other hand, BMP-2 monomer and dimer in aqueous environment show the unfolding of α-helix with increasing temperature. This unfolded α-helix is converted into β-sheet at 400 K in monomer of BMP-2. Contrary to this, we did not observe β-sheet formation in dimer BMP-2 even at 450 K indicating that monomers are more aggregation prone entity as compared to dimers of BMP-2. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BMP-2; conformation; MD simulations; thermal; vacuum
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 07:47
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 10:26
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/11184

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