Acute oral dose of sodium nitrite causes redox imbalance and DNA damage in rat kidney

Ansari, F.A. and Ali, S.N. and Khan, A.A. and Mahmood, R. (2018) Acute oral dose of sodium nitrite causes redox imbalance and DNA damage in rat kidney. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 119 (4). pp. 3744-3754. ISSN 07302312

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Sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is widely used as a food additive and preservative in fish and meat products. We have evaluated the effect of a single acute oral dose of NaNO2 on oxidative stress parameters, antioxidant capacity, and DNA in rat kidney. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups and given single oral dose of NaNO2 at 20, 40, 60, and 75 mg/kg body weight; untreated rats served as the control group. All animals in NaNO2-treated groups showed marked alterations in various parameters of oxidative stress as compared to the control group. This included increase in lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, hydrogen peroxide levels, and decrease in reduced glutathione content and antioxidant capacity. Administration of NaNO2 also increased DNA damage as evident from release of free nucleotides and confirmed by comet assay. It also led to greater cross-linking of DNA to proteins. Histological analysis showed marked morphological changes in the kidney of NaNO2-treated animals. These alterations could be due to increased free radical generation or direct chemical modification by reaction intermediates. Our results suggest that nitrite-induced nephrotoxicity is mediated through redox imbalance and results in DNA damage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant capacity; DNA damage; Nitrite; Oxidative stress; Rat kidney
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences > Department of Biochemistry
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2018 10:31
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2018 10:31

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