Ellagic acid attenuates arsenic induced neuro-inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction associated apoptosis

Firdaus, F. and Zafeer, M.F. and Anis, E. and Ahmad, M. and Afzal, M. (2018) Ellagic acid attenuates arsenic induced neuro-inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction associated apoptosis. Toxicology Reports, 5. pp. 411-417. ISSN 22147500

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

Abstract

Arsenic, being a global pollutant needs a potential remedy which could fight against its associated toxicities. Ellagic acid (EA) is a known agent for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects, and it is commonly found in fruits. The present study is designed to determine protective efficacy of EA against arsenic induced toxicity with special mention to inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction in hippocampi of wistar rats. Rats were pre-treated with EA (20 and 40 mg/kg b.wt; p.o. for 11 days) along with arsenic (10 mg/kg; p.o. for 8 days). Total reactive oxygen species level and mitochondrial membrane potential were analyzed using flow cytometry. Protein and mRNA expression of apoptotic and inflammatory markers were also evaluated in rat hippocampus. Our results show that arsenic exposure increased total ROS generation and DNA fragmentation, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential alongwith an increase in expression of pro-apoptotic and inflammatory markers. suggesting that EA complementation downregulated total ROS generation dose dependently. Apoptotic markers, BAX and Bcl2 as well as inflammatory markers, IL-1β TNFα INFγ got altered significantly on its administration. Moreover, it also attenuated effects on mitochondrial membrane potential. Based on our findings, EA might substantiate to be a budding therapeutic candidate against arsenic induced neurotoxicity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arsenic; Ellagic acid; Inflammation; Mitochondrial membrane potential; Neurotoxicity; ROS generation
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences > Department of Zoology
Depositing User: AMU Library
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 04:34
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2018 04:34
URI: http://ir.amu.ac.in/id/eprint/11308

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